Extensive diversity of malaria parasites circulating in Central African bats and monkeys

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Ecology and Evolution (2018)
Extensive diversity of malaria parasites circulating in Central African bats and monkeys

Abstract

Fig. 1 – Study area. This map shows the location of Franceville in Gabon, the city in which the CIRMF is located. The box on the right is an aerial picture of the CIRMF in which are reported the areas of capture of bats (in yellow) and the enclosures in which the monkeys involved in the study live.

Fig. 2 – Phylogenetic relationships between the cyt‐b sequences of haemosporidian parasites obtained in our study (in bold) and the reference cyt‐b sequences obtained from existing databases and classified (with color codes and icons) according to their host species. The tree was constructed using a maximum likelihood method based on 696 bp‐long cyt‐b sequences. One thousand bootstrap replications were performed to assess confidence in topology. Branch colors indicate different groups of host species among vertebrates (red for bats, green for monkeys, blue for rodents and black for other parasites of mammals). For parasites of the genus Plasmodium, the subgenus is also provided (in brackets)

Fig. 3 – Phylogenetic relationships between the cyt‐b sequences of Hepatocystis of African bats with some outgroups (e.g. Hepatocystis of Asian bats, P. ovale…). The unrooted tree was inferred from 696 bp nucleotides. The tree was performed using a maximum likelihood method. One thousand bootstrap replications were performed to assess confidence in topology (only values above 80% are shown). Four genetic clusters supported by high bootstrap values are highlighted with colors. Cyt‐b sequences obtained in our study are in bold

Fig. 4 – Phylogeny of the cyt‐b sequences of haemosporidian parasites obtained in our study and from other studies and classified (with color codes) according to their geographical origin (map performed using Adobe illustrator CS6 software). Hepatocystis sequences are identified with a color code by country. At the bottom of the tree is represented the country in which the different bats were captured

Fig. 5 – Phylogenetic relationships between the Cyt‐b sequences of Hepatocystis of African monkeys with some outgroups (e.g. Hepatocystis of Asian bats and rodents…). The unrooted tree was inferred from 696 bp nucleotides. The tree was performed using a maximum likelihood method. One thousand bootstrap replications were performed to assess the confidence in topology (only values above 80% are shown). Four genetic clusters supported by high bootstrap values are highlighted with colors. Cyt‐b sequences obtained in our study are in bold

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Publication infos

  • Larson Boundenga, Barthélémy Ngoubangoye, Illich Manfred Mombo, Thierry Audrey Tsoumbou, François Renaud, Virginie Rougeron, Franck Prugnolle
  • prugnolle@gmail.com - virginie.rougeron@gmail.com - boundenga@gmail.com
  • Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville (CIRMF), Franceville, Gabon - Laboratoire MIVEGEC, UMR 224‐5290 CNRS‐IRD‐UM1‐UM2, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, Montpellier, France
  • Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

See the publication

Ecol Evol 8, 10578–10586 (2018)
DOI: 10.1002/ece3.4539